Glossary of forging terms

Forging has been around since at least 4000 BC , it is believed that back in the day hand tools and weapons were among the first things to be forged, using metals and fire.

There are many different types of forging including open die forging, drop forging and hand forging.

There are many different terms used in forging, we have listed just a few to show you the vast range of terminology that you may come across when dealing with the forging process.

Forging Terms

Alloy steel forging – made from steel containing extra alloy elements other than just carbon.

As forged – this is the condition of forging as it comes out of the finisher cavity.

Bender – a die impression or tool designed to bend forging stock.

Block – metal is progressively formed to a general desired shape.

Cast – reproduction of a die cavity.

Chop – a die forging defect

Double forging – a forging that is designed to be cut and used in two separate pieces

Draftless forging – Forging with zero draft on vertical walls

Edging – This is the forging operation of a working bar between contoured dies.

Extrusion – The process of forcing metal to flow through a die orifice

Finish forging – a conventional type of forging

Grain growth – increase in the size of grains of a metal or alloy

Gripper dies – clamping dies that are used in a mechanical upsetter or forging machine

Hammer- a machine that “hammers” a blow

Impression – A cavity machined into a forging die to produce configuration in the workpiece

Ingot – A casting intended for forging

Knockout – A mechanism for releasing piece of work from a die

Liftout – Also known in the forging trade as a knockout

Master block – a forging die block

Mill scale – The oxcide layer that forms during forging and heating

Open dies – Dies that are used for producing hand forgings

A man forging

Liquid floor screed or sand and cement screed

Floor Screed

What is sand and cement screed?

Sand and cement screed is the traditional screed used and it is made up out of 3 main parts: sharp sand, cement, and water. Using this, there are a range of screeds that can be achieved such as fully bonded screeds, partially bonded screeds, and un-bonded screeds.

This type of application can be used as sub floor in both domestic and commercial buildings.

What is liquid floor screed?

Liquid floor screed is a mixture between sand and a binder system, dependent upon calcium sulphate. Due to its properties, it provides a thin, smooth, level surface before the flooring is laid.

Likewise, to sand and cement screed, liquid screed can be applied to both domestic and commercial buildings.

What application and why?

There are many advantages to both types of screeds. However, our personal favourite is liquid floor screed. This is because:

  • To install a liquid floor screed, it is a lot less work than the installation of sand and cement screed. As well as this this, the process is approximately 10 times faster.
  • The thermal efficiency of your property/ building will increase installation liquid floor screed.
  • Liquid floor screed can be reduced in depth. Not only is this an advantage but it also offers faster drying times and reduced weight.
  • Compared to sand and cement screed, liquid floor screeds works better with under floor heating, as it provides the user with heater floor quicker due to the reduced depth of the screed.

Tooling Board Machining

Tooling boards are excellent products for machining, being dimensionally stable, it is easy to create complex and intricate designs. The process of creating the machined parts is a critical part of the manufacturing process. It is critical the finish of the product is clean, smooth, and fit for purpose. Polyurethane and Epoxy Tooling board machining products are a good choice for a long-lasting yet mouldable material used across many industries, commonly for prototyping and testing designs.

The Tooling Board Machining Process Explained

The example below summarises how high-temperature tooling board can be finished using CNC machining.

  1. Bonding – Layers of tooling board and high-temperature adhesive are stacked together to bond and form a strong block. This is usually vacuum bagged to ensure there are thin board lines, which is then cured and prepared for CNC machining
  2. Tooling board machining – an initial ‘rough cut’ is performed using larger CNC machines and routers. 1-3mm of materials is left to be finished via filling and sanding.
  3. Prepreg & Curing – The tooling board surface area is prepared and piles of prepreg are applied on top and vacuum bagged. The curing process then begins.
  4. Finishing – After the cure has been completed, the tooling board goes through the final machining and polishing stage. Any structural support that is needed is attached, and the surface is then sealed.

tooling board

The Benefits of Pallet Racking for your Business

Pallet racking has become an integral part of any business that deals with stock on pallets. Large, heavy and difficult to navigate and access, stock can be easily stored and retrieved with the use of pallet racking.
A number of sectors see the benefits of pallet racking on a daily basis, from builders merchants to kitchen, bedroom and bathroom warehouses.
There are a number of benefits of pallet racking for your business and once the initial cost and time in purchasing and setting up, you will wonder how you ever managed without it!
Pallet racking is substantially cheaper than other shelving options as it utilises the pallet that the stock arrives on to act as part of the shelving. The pallets are positioning on top of the racks that are light and sturdy and made up of a few simple components.
Other benefits of pallet racking for your business also include the fact that they are easily adaptable and can increase and decrease with your stock levels. You can simply extend or reduce your racking (with the help of professional to ensure health and safety guidelines are adhered to).
When you are holding large amounts of stock that are frequently checked, refreshed and accessed, pallet racking enables stock to be easily seen and accessed. It also allows for ventilation to keep products dry and in good condition.
There are a number of pallet racking features to consider when purchasing the right pallet racks for you, these include:
• Are the racks manufactured in accordance with the SEMA (Storage Equipment Manufacturers Association) Code of Practice for the Design of Adjustable Pallet Racking?
• Does the design conform to BS EN15512:2009 standards?
• Are the beams manufactured with single continuous uprights for maximum rigidity?
• Are the locking pins tamper proof?
• Do they have double fixing footplates?
It is important to ensure your racking is correctly fitted and maintained, SARI (SEMA Approved Racking Inspector) carries out racking inspections to ensure accidents are prevented and minimised. They also ensure you are complying with relevant legislation such as Health & Safety Welfare Regulations and maximise safety in the workplace.

Pallet-Racking

Drop off and collection lockers

Drop off and collection lockers can be a useful addition to any business. Whether they are used to collect parcels or drop off keys for cars that need a service or work carrying out on them, it can save customers having to wait around for an employee to be there.

Drop off and collection lockers can be used with keys or codes, there are a variety of drop off and collection lockers available, so you can choose one to suit your needs.

You can even send or return parcels, these are called an Inpost locker, once you have dropped off your parcel, you would be sent a tracking number by email so you can track as and when your items have been collected or delivered.

Drop off and collection lockers are usually 24/7 so you can collect or drop off at any time, this is useful if you work long hours and struggle to get somewhere between the usual 9-5 time slots.

You can find them at many petrol stations, and supermarkets across the country. Also, in various businesses that will now not be without these lockers. They are useful to use if you are not going to be in and the parcel is too big to pop through the letterbox.

Drop off and collection lockers work 24/7 and are much more convenient and better for the environment, with over 65 million parcels delivered in the UK every week, parcel shippings are responsible for a large share of the UK’s vehicle emissions. Busy roads and traffic are affecting our health and quality of life and the environment. With vans delivering from depot to home and back again with the drop-off and collections lockers the driver only has to make one journey to the locker for all the parcels in one go so helping to reduce the traffic on the already busy roads. Locker deliveries will produce up to 2/3 less in CO2 emissions.

 

Orange Lockers

Orange Lockers